India’s G20 Presidency and Food Security

The paper tries to take an account of the scenario of food security around the world. It discusses in brief, various provisions taken by international entities to secure food security. The paper further discusses some measures taken by the Indian government in the area of food security, namely the National Food Security Act 2013 and the Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Anna Yojana. Various aspects of the International Year of Millets 2023 have been discussed. The paper also takes note of the ongoing G20 proceedings in India and tries to point out the advancements in the meetings of the Agriculture Working Group. Finally, the paper also suggests how India can secure its domestic food security as well as encash upon its G20 presidency and cooperate with its allies to guarantee global food security. 


“Food is national security. Food is economy. It is employment, energy, history. Food is everything.” – Jose Andres

Food has always been an integral part of human life. According to FAO, food security is ensuring that all people at all times have physical and economic access to the basic food that they need. Insecurity around food has pushed mankind into the vicious circle of malnutrition, hunger, poverty and social inequality. Ensuring food supply to the increasing population of the world has been a continued challenge before the governments. International institutions like the UN, FAO, etc. have been extensively working in the area of food security. 

The G20 has emerged as one of the world’s highly influential organizations with a unique composition of developed, developing and underdeveloped nations. The G20 guides the world’s 44% finances, controls around 85% of the world’s GDP and 75% of the world’s population. On December 1st, 2022 India took over the G20 presidency from Indonesia. The year-long presidency is extremely crucial for the emergence of a new world order. India’s motto of ‘One Earth, One Family and One Future’ focuses on universal oneness and international collectivism. With this oneness and collectivism, India prioritizes working in the field of health, inclusive and resilient growth, food security, climate change, digital transformation, etc. 

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Author: Anushka Kale