The Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana (PKVY) was introduced in 2015 under the Centrally Sponsored Scheme (CSS), National Mission on Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA). PKVY aims to support and promote organic farming, resulting in improved soil health. The PKVY promotes organic farming through the adoption of an organic village by cluster approach and the Participatory Guarantee System of certification (PGS). This scheme is funded by both the Central and State Government in a 60:40 ratio. In the case of North Eastern and Himalayan States, Central Assistance is provided in the ratio of 90:10 (Centre: State) and for Union Territories, the assistance is 100%. The aim of the Government in bringing this scheme was to assist the farmers through traditional (Paramparagat) ways to bring development and promote sustainability in soil and water usage. Switching to organic farming is a challenge for the farmers as they are not only expensive but also affect crop productivity. To meet the growing demands of food crops, ensure food security and fight against climate change require robust guidelines and thorough implementation of the policies. This scheme has been seen as an attempt to resort to traditional and organic ways of farming and to bring out public research in agriculture to educate the rural youth and farmers. This paper will address the apprehensions faced by the farmers with organic farming and the assistance provided.
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