Building a Safer Sky: An Analysis of International Airline Safety Concerns

The air transport industry plays a significant role in global economic activity and development. It seems obvious that air travel would not have evolved the way it has in recent years if it weren’t secure – if passengers hadn’t trusted that their flight would arrive at its destination without any life-threatening incidents. Security, therefore, is not only a pillar for the development of aviation but has actively contributed to the passenger number growth we have witnessed in recent years. It is really heart-wrenching to witness airplane crashes or other accidents leading to the deaths of hundreds of people. In the last two years, there have been several incidents of safety breaches in Indian airlines. 

In 2022 alone, 43 airprox (air proximity) incidents were investigated according to the Ministry of Civil Aviation data and two such incidents were categorised as “serious” by the Aircraft Accident Investigation Bureau. As the world comes back to normalcy and travel figures return to the pre-COVID levels (before the COVID-19 crisis, global air transport demand was expected to triple between 2020 and 2050), it is pertinent that we analyse the safety situation in the aviation industry. This paper attempts to identify and recommend ways to tackle those areas of concern to ensure the growth trajectory of the aviation sector remains turbulence-free. 

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Ananya Tyagi is a second year student pursuing Political Science Honours at Gargi College, University of Delhi.