Role Of Us, Europe, And Indo-Pacific Partners In India’s China Strategy


The rise of China and its rapidly changing geopolitical environment have prompted India to re-evaluate its foreign policy approach towards the Red Dragon. This paper sheds light on India’s engagement with the US-led QUAD initiative, its growing relations with European nations, and its transcend to regional partners like Japan, Australia, and ASEAN countries. It examines diplomatic ties, security alliances, economic cooperation, and regional initiatives in detail to illuminate how these connections impact India’s efforts to maintain a firm and balanced stance toward China.  This study focuses on the intricate interplay of interests, problems, and opportunities that determine the changing face of global geopolitics in the Indo-Pacific region through an analysis of India’s relationships with its key allies. 

Keywords: India-China, USA, Europe in Indo-Pacific, China strategy, Indo-Pacific region


India and China, the two most populous rising global powers, have a complicated relationship that is marked by a mix of rivalry, cooperation, and conflict.  India’s current geopolitical concerns focus on the risks involved with a China-dominated unilateral Asia. Not only does China simply stand over its Asian neighbors, but it also strives for dominance in the region. The relentless pursuit of disputed territory claims, forceful economic intimidation, and bargain hunting have all contributed to the intensifying of the China challenge. 

India’s foreign policy is at a turning point as China’s influence grows worldwide. India’s China strategy is based on the understanding that it must respond to China’s assertive actions and growing influence in an integrated and planned manner. China’s assertive activities in territorial conflicts, its developing military might, and its ambitious Belt and Road Initiative, all intensify India’s strategic responsibilities. To protect its national interests and maintain regional peace, India has taken an integrated approach that includes partnerships for security, economic cooperation, and diplomatic engagement with nations with similar values. India’s growing engagement with the US is the most important of these alliances. Moreover, India has taken a more active stance in its diplomatic endeavors to broaden its scope and strengthen its strategic outreach to European nations, which provides India with valuable links in a variety of areas.

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Author: Komal Poonia